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IN THE SUPREME COURT OF NORTH CAROLINA

Order Adopting Amendment to the Rules

of Appellate Procedure

Rules 3(c), 8(a), 9(b)(5), 11(c), 12(c), 14(a), 15(b), 18(c), 21(c), 21(f), 23(e), 25(a), 26(b), 26(g), Appendix A and Appendix D are hereby amended to read as in the following pages. All amendments shall become effective as follows:

To rules 3, 9, 11, 12 and 25 and Appendixes A and D, immediately upon their adoption.

To rules 8, 14, 15, 18, 21, 23, and 26, on 1 July 1997.

Adopted by the Court in Conference this 6th day of March, 1997. These amendments shall be promulgated by publication in the Advance Sheets of the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals. These amendments shall also be published as quickly as practical on the North Carolina Judicial Branch of Government Internet Home Page (http://www.aoc.state.nc.us).

         ____________

         Orr, J

         For the Court


Rule 3

APPEAL IN CIVIL CASES - HOW AND WHEN TAKEN

(c) Time for Taking Appeal. Appeal from a judgment or order in a civil action or special proceeding must be taken within 30 days after its entry. The running of the time for filing and serving a notice of appeal in a civil action or special proceeding is tolled as to all parties for the duration of any period of noncompliance with the service requirement of Rule 58 of the Rules of Civil Procedure, and or by a timely motion filed by any party pursuant to the Rules of Civil Procedure enumerated in this subdivision, and . The full time for appeal commences to run and is to be computed from the date of compliance with the service requirement of Rule 58 of the Rules of Civil Procedure or from the entry of an order upon any of the following motions:

(1) a motion under Rule 50(b) for judgment n.o.v., whether or not with conditional grant or denial of new trial;

(2) a motion under Rule 52(b) to amend or make additional findings of fact, whether or not an alteration of the judgment would be required if the motion is granted;

(3) a motion under Rule 59 to alter or amend a judgment;

(4) a motion under Rule 59 for a new trial.

If a timely notice of appeal is filed and served by a party, any other party may file and serve a notice of appeal within 10 days after the first notice of appeal was served on such party.




RULE 8

STAY PENDING APPEAL

I. Stay in Civil Cases. When appeal is taken in a civil action from a judgment, order, or other determination of a trial court, stay of execution or enforcement thereof pending disposition of the appeal must ordinarily first be sought by the deposit of security with the clerk of the superior court in those cases for which provision is made by law for the entry of stays upon deposit of adequate security, or by application to the trial court for a stay order in all other cases. After a stay order or entry has been denied or vacated by a trial court, an appellant may apply to the appropriate appellate court for a writ of supersedeas in accordance with Rule 23. In any appeal which is allowed by law to be taken from an agency to the appellate division, application for the Writ of Supersedeas may be made to the appellate court in the first instance. Application for the writ of supersedeas may similarly be made to the appellate court in the first instance when extraordinary circumstances make it impracticable to obtain a stay by deposit of security or by application to the trial court for a stay order.


RULE 9

THE RECORD ON APPEAL

(b) Form of Record; Amendments. The record on appeal shall be in the format prescribed by Rule 26(g) and the appendixes to these rules.

(5) Additions and Amendments to Record on Appeal. On motion of any party or on its own initiative, the appellate court may order additional portions of a trial court record or transcript sent up and added to the record on appeal. On motion of any party the appellate court may order any portion of the record on appeal or transcript amended to correct error shown as to form or content. Prior to the docketing filing of the record on appeal in the appellate court, such motions may be made by any party to the trial tribunal.


RULE 11

SETTLING THE RECORD ON APPEAL

(c) By Judicial Order or Appellant's Failure to Request Judicial Settlement. Within 21 days (35 days in capitally tried cases) after service upon him of appellant's proposed record on appeal, an appellee may serve upon all other parties specific amendments or objections to the proposed record on appeal, or a proposed alternative record on appeal. Amendments or objections to the proposed record on appeal shall be set out in a separate paper.

If any appellee timely files serves amendments, objections, or a proposed alternative record on appeal, the appellant or any other appellee, within 10 days after expiration of the time within which the appellee last served might have filed served, may in writing request the judge from whose judgment, order, or other determination appeal was taken to settle the record on appeal. A copy of the request, endorsed with a certificate showing service on the judge, shall be filed forthwith in the office of the clerk of the superior court, and served upon all other parties. Each party shall promptly provide to the judge a reference copy of the record items, amendments, or objections served by that party in the case. If only one appellee or only one set of appellees proceeding jointly have so filed served, and no other party makes timely request for judicial settlement, the record on appeal is thereupon settled in accordance with the appellee's objections, amendments or proposed alternative record on appeal. If more than one appellee proceeding separately have so filed served, failure of the appellant to make timely request for judicial settlement results in abandonment of the appeal as to those appellees, unless within the time allowed an appellee makes request in the same manner.


RULE 12

FILING THE RECORD; DOCKETING THE APPEAL;

COPIES OF THE RECORD

(c) Copies of Record on Appeal. The appellant need file but a single copy of the record on appeal. Upon filing, the appellant may be required to pay to the clerk of the appellate court a deposit fixed by the clerk to cover the costs of reproducing copies of the record on appeal. The clerk will reproduce and distribute copies as directed by the court. By stipulation filed with the record on appeal the parties may agree that specified portions of the record on appeal need not be reproduced in the copies prepared by the clerk.

In civil appeals in forma pauperis the appellant need not pay a deposit for reproducing copies, but at the time of filing the original record on appeal shall also deliver to the clerk two legible copies thereof.


RULE 14

APPEALS OF RIGHT FROM COURT OF APPEALS TO SUPREME COURT UNDER G.S. 7A-30

(a) Notice of Appeal; Filing and Service. Appeals of right from the Court of Appeals to the Supreme Court are taken by filing notices of appeal with the Clerk of the Court of Appeals and with the Clerk of the Supreme Court and serving notice of appeal upon all other parties within 15 days after the mandate of the Court of Appeals has been issued to the trial tribunal. For cases which arise from the Industrial Commission, a copy of the notice of appeal shall be served on the Chairman of the Industrial Commission. The running of the time for filing and serving a notice of appeal is tolled as to all parties by the filing by any party within such time of a petition for rehearing under Rule 31 of these rules, and the full time for appeal thereafter commences to run and is computed as to all parties from the date of entry by the Court of Appeals of an order denying the petition for rehearing. If a timely notice of appeal is filed by a party, any other party may file a notice of appeal within 10 days after the first notice of appeal was filed. A petition prepared in accordance with Rule 15(c) for discretionary review in the event the appeal is determined not to be of right or for issues in addition to those set out as the basis for a dissenting opinion may be filed with or contained in the notice of appeal.


RULE 15

DISCRETIONARY REVIEW ON CERTIFICATION BY SUPREME COURT UNDER G.S. 7A-31

(b) Same; Filing and Service. A petition for review prior to determination by the Court of Appeals shall be filed with the Clerk of the Supreme Court and served on all other parties within 15 days after the appeal is docketed in the Court of Appeals. For cases which arise from the Industrial Commission, a copy of the petition shall be served on the Chairman of the Industrial Commission. A petition for review following determination by the Court of Appeals shall be similarly filed and served within 15 days after the mandate of the Court of Appeals has been issued to the trial tribunal. Such a petition may be contained in or filed with a notice of appeal of right, to be considered by the Supreme Court in the event the appeal is determined not to be of right, as provided in Rule 14(a). The running of the time for filing and serving a petition for review following determination by the Court of Appeals is terminated as to all parties by the filing by any party within such time of a petition for rehearing under Rule 31 of these rules, and the full time for filing and serving such a petition for review thereafter commences to run and is computed as to all parties from the date of entry by the Court of Appeals of an order denying the petition for rehearing. If a timely petition for review is filed by a party, any other party may file a petition for review within 10 days after the first petition for review was filed.


RULE 18

TAKING APPEAL; RECORD ON APPEAL --

COMPOSITION AND SETTLEMENT

(c) Composition of Record on Appeal. The record on appeal in appeals from any agency shall contain:

(1) an index of the contents of the record, which shall appear as the first page thereof;

(2) a statement identifying the commission or agency from whose judgment, order of opinion appeal is taken, the session at which the judgment, order or opinion was rendered, or if rendered out of session, the time and place of rendition, and the party appealing;

(3) a copy of the summons with return, notice of hearing, or other papers showing jurisdiction of the agency over persons or property sought to be bound in the proceeding, or a statement showing same;

(4) copies of all other notices, pleadings, petitions, or other papers required by law or rule of the agency, including a Form 44 for all cases which originate from the Industrial Commission,to be filed with the agency to present and define the matter for determination;

(5) a copy of any findings of fact and conclusions of law and a copy of the order, award, decision, or other determination of the agency from which appeal was taken;

(6) so much of the evidence taken before the agency or before any division, commissioner, deputy commissioner, or hearing officer of the agency, set out in the form provided in Rule 9(c)(1), as is necessary for an understanding of all errors assigned, or a statement specifying that the verbatim transcript of proceedings is being filed with the record pursuant to Rule 9(c)(2) and (3);

(7) where the agency has reviewed a record of proceedings before a division, or an individual commissioner, deputy commissioner, or hearing officer of the agency, copies of all items included in the record filed with the agency which are necessary for an understanding of all errors assigned;

(8) copies of all other papers filed and statements of all other proceedings had before the agency or any of its individual commissioners, deputies, or divisions which are necessary to an understanding of all errors assigned unless they appear in the verbatim transcript of proceedings which is being filed pursuant to Rule 9(c)(2) and (3);

(9) a copy of the notice of appeal from the agency, of all orders establishing time limits relative to the perfecting of the appeal, of any order finding a party to the appeal to be a civil pauper, and of any agreement, notice of approval, or order settling the record on appeal and settling the verbatim transcript of proceedings if one is filed pursuant to Rule 9(c)(2) and (3); and

(10) assignments of error to the actions of the agency, set out as provided in Rule 10.


RULE 21

CERTIORARI

(c) Same; Filing and Service; Content. The petition shall be filed without unreasonable delay and shall be accompanied by proof of service upon all other parties. For cases which arise from the Industrial Commission, a copy of the petition shall be served on the Chairman of the Industrial Commission. The petition shall contain a statement of the facts necessary to an understanding of the issues presented by the application; a statement of the reasons why the writ should issue; and certified copies of the judgment, order or opinion or parts of the record which may be essential to an understanding of the matters set forth in the petition. The petition shall be verified by counsel or the petitioner. Upon receipt of the prescribed docket fee, the clerk will docket the petition.

(f) Petition for Writ in Post Conviction Matters - Death Penalty Cases. A petition for writ of certiorari to review orders of the trial court denying on motions for appropriate relief in death penalty cases shall be filed in the Supreme Court within 60 days after delivery of the transcript of the hearing on the motion for appropriate relief to the petitioning party. The responding party shall file its response within 30 days of service of the petition.


RULE 23

SUPERSEDEAS

(e) Temporary Stay. Upon the filing of a petition for supersedeas, the applicant may apply, either within the petition or by separate paper, for an order temporarily staying enforcement or execution of the judgment, order, or other determination pending decision by the court upon the petition for supersedeas. If application is made by separate paper, it shall be filed and served in the manner provided for the petition for supersedeas in Rule 23(c). The court for good cause shown in such a petition for temporary stay may issue such an order ex parte. In capital cases, such stay, if granted shall remain in effect until the period for filing a petition for certiorari in the United States Supreme Court has passed without a petition being filed, or until certiorari on a timely filed petition has been denied by that Court. At that time, the stay shall automatically dissolve.


RULE 25

PENALTIES FOR FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH RULES

(a) Failure of Appellant to Take Timely Action. If after giving notice of appeal from any court, commission, or commissioner the appellant shall fail within the times allowed by these rules or by order of court to take any action required to present the appeal for decision, the appeal may on motion of any other party be dismissed. Prior to the filing of an appeal in an appellate court motions to dismiss are made to the court, commission, or commissioner from which appeal has been taken; after an appeal has been docketed filed in an appellate court motions to dismiss are made to that court. Motions to dismiss shall be supported by affidavits or certified copies of docket entries which show the failure to take timely action or otherwise perfect the appeal, and shall be allowed unless compliance or a waiver thereof is shown on the record, or unless the appellee shall consent to action out of time, or unless the court for good cause shall permit the action to be taken out of time.


RULE 26

FILING AND SERVICE

(b) Service of All Papers Required. Copies of all papers filed by any party and not required by these rules to be served by the clerk shall, at or before the time of filing, be served on all other parties to the appeal. For cases which arise from the Industrial Commission, a copy shall be served on the Chairman of the Industrial Commission.

(g) Form of Papers; Copies. Papers presented to either appellate court for filing shall be letter size (8-1/2 x 11") with the exception of wills and exhibits. Documents filed in the trial division prior to July 1, 1982, may be included in records on appeal whether they are letter size or legal size (8-1/2 x 14"). All printed matter must appear in at least 11 point type on unglazed white paper of 16 - 20 pound substance so as to produce a clear, black image, leaving a margin of approximately one inch on each side. The body of text shall be presented with double spacing between each line of text. The format of all papers presented for filing shall follow the instructions found in the Appendixes to these Appellate Rules.

All documents presented to either appellate court other than records on appeal, which in this respect are governed by Appellate Rule 9, shall, unless they are less than 5 10 pages in length, be preceded by a subject index of the matter contained therein, with page references, and a table of authorities, i.e., cases (alphabetically arranged), constitutional provisions, statutes, and text books cited, with references to the pages where they are cited.

The body of the document shall at its close bear the printed name, post office address, and telephone number of counsel of record, and in addition, at the appropriate place, the manuscript signature of counsel of record.


APPENDIX A

TIMETABLE OF APPEALS FROM TRIAL DIVISION

UNDER ARTICLE II OF THE RULES OF APPELLATE PROCEDURE

Action Time (days) From date of Rule Ref.
Requesting judicial settlement of record 10 last day within which an appellee served could file serve objections, etc. 11(c)

18 (d)(3)



APPENDIX D. FORMS



2. APPEAL ENTRIES

The appeal entries are appropriate as a ready means of providing in composite form for the record on appeal:

1) the entry required by App. Rule 9(b) (a) showing appeal duly taken by written oral notice under App. Rule 3(a) (b) or 4(a); and

2) judicial approval of the undertaking on appeal required by App. Rule 6; and

3)2) the entry required by App. Rule 9(b) (a) showing any judicial extension of time for serving proposed record on appeal under App. Rule 27(c).

These entries of record may also be made separately.

Where appeal is taken by filing and serving written notice after the term of court, a copy of the notice with filing date and proof of service is appropriate as the record entry required.

Per Tables 1, 2, and 3 of Appendix C, Such "appeal entries" are appropriately included in the record on appeal following the judgment from which appeal is taken.

The judge's signature, while not technically required, is traditional and serves as authentication of the substance of the entries.

(Defendant) gave due notice of appeal to the (Court of Appeals)(Supreme Court). Appeal bond in the sum of $          adjudged to be sufficient. (Defendant) shall have 10 days in which to order the transcript, or, in the alternative, 35 days in which to serve a proposed record on appeal on the appellee. (Plaintiff) is allowed 15 21 days thereafter within which to serve objections or a proposed alternative record on appeal.

This      day of             , 19  .

         s/

         Judge Presiding

****** END OF RULE CHANGES *******



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